Mindfulness Research

Our Mindfulness Research Page is a continually updated bibliography of scholarly articles on mindfulness, meditation, compassion training, yoga, etc. Some other great resources include:

  • American Mindfulness Research Association (AMRA) supporting empirical and conceptual efforts to establish an evidence base for the process, practice, and construct of mindfulness.
  • Mindful Schools Research Page summarizing research on the benefits of mindfulness, including neuroscience, the latest scientific studies, and specific benefits for educators and students.

Adler-Neal, A. L., & Zeidan, F. (2017). Mindfulness Meditation for Fibromyalgia: Mechanistic and Clinical Considerations. Current rheumatology reports19(9), 59.

Arch, J. J. & Craske, M. G. (2010). Laboratory stressors in clinically anxious and non-anxious individuals: The moderating role of mindfulness. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48(6), 495-505.

Astin, J. A. (1997). Stress reduction through mindfulness meditation: Effects on psychological symptomology, sense of control, and spiritual experiences. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 66(2), 97–106.

Austin, J. A. (1997). Stress reduction through mindfulness meditation: Effects on psychological symptomology, sense of control, and spiritual experience. Psychotherapy Psychosomatic, 66(2), 97-106.

Bacon, L., Stern, J.S., Van Loan, M.D., et. al. (2005). Size acceptance and intuitive eating improve health for obese, female chronic dieters. Journal of American Dietetic Association, 105, 929-36.

Baer, R.A. (2003). Mindfulness Training as a Clinical Intervention: A Conceptual and Empirical Review. Clinical Psychology: Science And Practice 10(N2), 125-143.

Barnes, S., et al. (2007). The role of mindfulness in romantic relationship satisfaction and response to relationship stress. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 33(4), 482-500.

Beckerman, N. L. & Corbett, L. (2010). Mindfulness and cognitive therapy in depression relapse prevention: A case study. Clinical Social Work Journal, 38(2),   217-225.

Beddoe, A. & Murphy, S. (2004). Does Mindfulness Decrease Stress and Foster Empathy Among Nursing Students? Journal of Nursing Education, 43(7), 305-312.

Benavides, S. & Caballero, J. (2009). Ashtanga yoga for children and adolescents for weight management and psychological well being: An uncontrolled open pilot study. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 15, 110-114.

Bernardi, N. F., Bordino, M., Bianchi, L., & Bernardi, L. (2017). Acute fall and long-term rise in oxygen saturation in response to meditation. Psychophysiology.

Berry, D. R., Cairo, A. H., Goodman, R. J., Quaglia, J. T., Green, J. D., & Brown, K. W. (2018). Mindfulness increases prosocial responses toward ostracized strangers through empathic concern. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 147(1), 93-112.

Bihari, J. L. N., & Mullan, E. G. (2014). Relating mindfully: A qualitative exploration of changes in relationships through mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. Mindfulness, 5(1), 46–59.

Birdee, G. S., Legedza, A. T., Saper, R. B., Bertisch, S. M., Eisenberg, D. M., & Phillips, R. S. (2008). Characteristics of yoga users. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 23(10), 1653-8.

Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., . . . Devins, G. (2004). Mindfulness: A proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 230–241.

Bögels, S., et al. (2008). Mindfulness Training for Adolescents with Externalizing Disorders and their Parents. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36, 193-209.

Bondolfi, G., Jermann, F., der Linden, M.V., et al. (2010). Depression relapse prophylaxis with mindfulness-based cognitive therapy: Replication and extension in the Swiss health care system. Journal of Affective Disorders, 122(3), 224-31.

Bowen S, Marlatt A. Surfing the urge: brief mindfulness-based intervention for college student smokers. Psychol. Addict. Behav. 2009;23:666–671.

Bower, J. E., Greendale, G., Crosswell, A. D., Garet, D., Sternlieb, B., Ganz, P. A., et al. (2014). Yoga reduces inflammatory signaling in fatigued breast cancer survivors: a randomized controlled trial. Psychoneuroendocrinology 43, 20–29.

Boyd, J. E., Lanius, M. D., & McKinnon, M. C. (2017). Mindfulness-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder: a review of the treatment literature and neurobiological evidence. J Psychiatry Neurosci 2018; 43(1).

Bränström, R., Kvillemo, P., Brandberg,Y., & Moskowitz, J. T. (2010). Self-Report mindfulness as a mediator of psychological well-being in a stress reduction intervention for cancer patients-a randomized study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 39(2), 151- 61.

Bremner, J. D., et.al. (2017). A Pilot Study of the Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Brain Response to Traumatic Reminders of Combat in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom Combat Veterans with Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. Frontiers in Psychiatry.

Brewer, JA, et. al. (2011). Mindfulness Training for smoking cessation: results from a randomized controlled trial. Drug Alcohol Depend. 119 (1-2): 72–80.

Brewer JA, et. al. (2010). Mindfulness-based treatments for co-occurring depression and substance use disorders: what can we learn from the brain? Addiction; 105:1698–1706.

Brown, K.W., & Ryan, R.M. (2003). The Benefits of Being Present: Mindfulness and Its Role in Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 84(4):822-48.

Brown, R. P., and Gerbarg, P. L. (2005a). Sudarshan Kriya Yogic breathing in the treatment of stress, anxiety, and depression: part II—clinical applications and guidelines. J. Altern. Complement. Med. 11, 711–717.

Brown, R. P., and Gerbarg, P. L. (2005b). Sudarshan kriya yogic breathing in the treatment of stress, anxiety and depression: part I—neurophysiologic model. J. Altern. Complement. Med. 11, 189–201.

Brown, R. P., and Gerbarg, P. L. (2012). The Healing Power of the Breath: Simple Techniques to Reduce Stress and Anxiety, Enhance Concentration and Balance Your Emotions. Boston, MA: Trumpeter.

Brown, R. P., Gerbarg, P. L., and Muench, F. (2013). Breathing practices for treatment of psychiatric and stress-related medical conditions. Psychiatr. Clin. North Am. 36, 121–140.

Bruce, L.J. & Ricciardelli, L.A. (2016). A systematic review of the psychosocial correlates of intuitive eating among adult women. Appetite.96:454-472.

Bush, H., Rossy, L., Mintz, L., & Schopp (2014). Eat for Life: A Worksite Feasibility Study of a Novel Mindfulness-based Intuitive Eating Intervention. Am J Health Promotion (July/Aug):380-388.

Carmody, J., Baer, R. A. (2009). How long does a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program need to be? A review of class contact hours and effect sizes for psychological distress. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65(6), 627–638.

Carson, J., et al. (2004). Mindfulness-Based Relationship Enhancement. Behavior Therapy, 35, 471-494.

Cash, E., et. al. (2015). Mindfulness meditation alleviates fibromyalgia symptoms in women: results of a randomized clinical trial. Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine49(3), 319–330.

Cavanagh, K., Strauss, C., Forder, L., Jones, F. (2014). Can mindfulness and acceptance be learnt by self-help?: A systematic review and meta-analysis of mindfulness and acceptance-based self-help interventions. Clinical Psychology Review, 34, 118–129.

Chang, V. (2004). The effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction program on stress, mindfulness self-efficacy, and positive states of mind. Stress and Health, 20, 141-147.

Chen, K. M., Chen, M. H., Hong, S. M., Chao, H. C., Lin, H. S., & Li, C. H. (2008). Physical fitness of older adults in senior activity centres after 24-week silver yoga exercises. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17(19), 2634-2646.

Chen, K. W., Berger, C. C., Manheimer, E., Forde, D., Magidson, J., Dachman, L., & Lejuez, C. W. (2012). Meditative Therapies for Reducing Anxiety: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Depression and Anxiety, 29(7), 545–562.

Chiesa, A., Serretti, A. (2009). Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for stress management in healthy people: A review and meta-analysis. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 15(5), 593–600.

Chin, B. et. al (2019). Psychological mechanisms driving stress resilience in mindfulness training: A randomized controlled trial. Health Psychol, May 23.

Christopher, M. S. & Gilbert, B. D. (2010). Incremental validity of components of mindfulness in the prediction of satisfaction with life and depression. Current Psychology, 29(1), 10-23.

Chu, I.-H., Wu, W.-L., Lin, I.-M., Chang, Y.-K., Lin, Y.-J., and Yang, P.-C. (2017). Effects of yoga on heart rate variability and depressive symptoms in women: a randomized controlled trial. J. Altern. Complement. Med. 23, 310–316.

Chuntharapat, S., Petpichetchian, W., & Hatthakit, U. (2008). Yoga during pregnancy. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 14(2), 105-115.

Cladder-Micus, M. B., Speckens, A. E., Vrijsen, J. N., A, R. R., Becker, E. S., & Spijker, J. (2018). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) for patients with chronic, treatment-resistant depression: A pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Depression and Anxiety.

Cloninger, C.R. (2006). The science of well-being: an integrated approach to mental health and its disorders. World Psychiatry 5(2):71-6.

Cohen, B. E., Chang, A. A., Grady, D., & Kanaya, A. M. (2008). Restorative yoga in adults with metabolic syndrome. Metabolic Syndrome & Related Disorders, 6(3): 223-229.

Cohen, J.N., Jensen, D., Stange, J.P. et al. (2017). The Immediate and Long-Term Effects of an Intensive Meditation Retreat. Mindfulness 8: 1064.

Cormack, D., Jones, F. W., & Maltby, M. (2017). A “Collective Effort to Make Yourself Feel Better”: The Group Process in Mindfulness-Based Interventions. Qualitative Health Research; Vol 28, Issue 1, pp. 3 – 15.

Cramer, H., Anheyer, D., Lauche, R., and Dobos, G. (2017). A systematic review of yoga for major depressive disorder. J. Affect. Disord.213, 70–77.

Cramer, H., Lauche, R., Langhorst, J., & Dobos, G. (2013). Yoga for depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Depression and Anxiety, 30(11), 1068–1083.

Crane, R.S., et. al. (2013). Development and validation of the Mindfulness-Based Interventions – Teaching Assessment Criteria (MBI:TAC). Assessment.

CRANE, R.S., et. al. (2010). Training teachers to deliver mindfulness-based interventions: learning from the UK experience. Mindfulness, 1, pp. 74-86.

CRANE, R.S., et. al. (2012). Competence in teaching mindfulness-based courses: concepts, development, and assessment. Mindfulness, 3(1), pp. 76-84.

Cullen, M. (2011). Mindfulness-Based Interventions: An Emerging Phenomenon. Mindfulness, 2(3): 186–193.

Dale, L. P., Carroll, L. E., Galen, G. C., Schein, R., Bliss, A., Mattison, A. M., et al. (2011). Yoga practice may buffer the deleterious effects of abuse on women’s self-concept and dysfunctional coping. J. Aggress. Maltreat. Trauma. 20, 90–102.

Dalen, J., Smith, B.W., Shelley, B.M., Sloan, A.L., Leahigh, L., & Begay, D. (2010). Pilot study: Mindful Eating and Living (MEAL): weight, eating behavior, and psychological outcomes associated with a mindfulness-based intervention for people with obesity. Complement Ther Med. 18(6):260-264.

Danucalov, M. A., Simoes, R. S., Kozasa, E. H., & Leite, J. R. (2008). Cardiorespiratory & metabolic changes during yoga. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 33(2), 77-81.

Daubenmier, J., Kristeller, J., Hecht. F.M., et al. (2011). Mindfulness intervention for stress eating to reduce cortisol and abdominal fat among overweight and obese women: an exploratory randomized controlled study. J Obes. 651936.

Davidson, R., et al. (2003). Alterations in Brain and Immune Function Produced by Mindfulness Meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 564-570.

Delgado, L. C., Guerra, P., Perakakis, P., Vera, M. N., et al. (2010). Treating chronic worry: Psychological and physiological effects of a training programme based on mindfulness. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48(9):873-82.

Desbordes G, Negi LT, Pace TWW, Wallace BA, Raison CL and Schwartz EL (2012) Effects of mindful-attention and compassion meditation training on amygdala response to emotional stimuli in an ordinary, non-meditative stateFront. Hum. Neurosci. 6:292.

Dhungel, K.U., Malhotra, V., Sarkar, D., & Prajapati, R. (2008). Effect of alternate nostril breathing exercise on cardio respiratory functions. Nepal Medical College Journal, 10(1), 25-7.

Dimidjian, S. and Segal, Z.V. (2015). Prospects for a Clinical Science of Mindfulness-Based Intervention. American Psychologist 70(7), pp. 593-620.

Dunning, D. L., et. al. (2018), Research Review: The effects of mindfulness‐based interventions on cognition and mental health in children and adolescents – a meta‐analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Child Psychol Psychiatr.

Eastman-Mueller, H. et. al (2013). iRest Yoga-Nidra on the College Campus: Changes in Stress, Depression, Worry, and Mindfulness. International Journal of Yoga Therapy (23) 2, 15-24.

Enkema, M. C., & Bowen, S. (2017). Mindfulness practice moderates the relationship between craving and substance use in a clinical sample. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 179: 1-7.

Epstein, R. & Gonzales, T. (2017). Gender & Trauma, Somatic Interventions For Girls In Juvenile Justice: Implications For Policy And Practice. Center on Poverty & Inequality, Georgetown Law. [yoga & mindfulness].

Evans, A., et. al. (2014). A Framework for Supervision for Mindfulness-Based Teachers: A Space for Embodied Mutual Inquiry. Mindfulness.

Farb, N. A., et. al. (2007). Attending to the present: mindfulness meditation reveals distinct neural modes of self-reference. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience2(4), 313–322.

Farb, N. A., et. al. (2017). Prevention of relapse/recurrence in major depressive disorder with either mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) or cognitive therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 86(2):200-204.

Farb, N. A., Daubenmier, J., Price, C. J., Gard, T., Kerr, C., Dunn, B. D., et al. (2015). Interoception, contemplative practice and health. Front. Psychol. 6:763.

Feldman, G, Greeson, J. & Senville, J. (2010). Differential effects of mindful breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, and loving kindness meditation on decentering and negative reactions to repetitive thoughts. Behav Res Ther; 48(10): 1002–1011.

Fiori, F., Aglioti, S. M., and David, N. (2017). Interactions between body and social awareness in yogaJ. Altern. Complement. Med. 23, 227–233.

Fissler, M., Winnebeck, E., Schroeter, T. A., Gummbersbach, M., Huntenburg, J. M., Gärtner, M., & Barnhofer, T. (2017). Brief training in mindfulness may normalize a blunted error-related negativity in chronically depressed patients. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience.

Flook, L., Smalley, S.L., Kitil, M.J., Dang, J., Cho, J., Kaiser-Greenland, S., Locke, J. & Kasari, C. (2008). A mindful awareness practice improves executive function in preschool children. Poster presented at the Center for Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care, and Society 6th Annual Conference, Worcester, MA.

Ford, B.,Lam, P., John, O., & Mauss, I. (2017). The Psychological Health Benefits of Accepting Negative Emotions and Thoughts: Laboratory, Diary, and Longitudinal Evidence. [an important aspect of MBCT] Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Gaiswinkler L. & Unterrainer HF. (2016). The relationship between yoga involvement, mindfulness and psychological well-being. Complement Ther Med. Jun; 26:123-7.

Gard, T., Noggle, J. J., Park, C. L., Vago, D. R., and Wilson, A. (2014). Potential self-regulatory mechanisms of yoga for psychological health. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 8:770.

Godfrin, K. A. & van Heeringen, C. (2010). The effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on recurrence of depressive episodes, mental health and quality of life: A randomized controlled study. Behaviour Research and Therapy 48(8):738-46.

Goldberg, S. B., et. al. (2018). Mindfulness-based interventions for psychiatric disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 59; 52-60.

Goldin, P. R. & Gross, J. J. (2010). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder. Emotion, 10(1), 83-91.

Good, DJ, et. al. (2015). Contemplating Mindfulness at Work: An Integrative Review. Journal of Management; 42 (1): 114

Goyal, M., Singh, S. & Sabinga, E (2014). Meditation Programs for Psychological Stress and Well-being: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(3):357-368.

Grant, JA, Courtemanche, J, & Rainville, P. (2010). A non-elaborative mental stance and decoupling of executive and pain-related cortices predicts low pain sensitivity in Zen meditatorsPain, Online.

Grepmair L, Mitterlehner F, Loew T, Bachler E, Rother W, & Nickel M. (2007). Promoting mindfulness in psychotherapists in training influences the treatment results of their patients: a randomized, double-blind, controlled study. Psychother Psychosom; 76: 332–8.

Grossman, P., Neimann, L., Schmidt, S., Walach, H. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and health benefits: A meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57, 35–43.

Gu, J., et. al. (2015). How do Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) Improve Mental Health and Wellbeing? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Mediation Studies. Clinical Psychology Review 37; 1–12.

Gutman, S.A., et. al.(2016) Comparative Effectiveness of Three Occupational Therapy Sleep Interventions: A Randomized Controlled Study (Yoga Nidra). Occupation, Participation, & Health, 1-9.

Hafenbrack, A. C., Kinias, Z., Barsade, S. G. (2013). Debiasing the mind through meditation: Mindfulness and the sunk-cost bias. Psychological Science, 25(2), 369–376.

Harinath K, Malhotra AS, Pal K, Prasad R, Kumar R, Kain TC, Rai L, Sawhney RC. (2004). Effects of Hatha yoga and Omkar meditation on cardiorespiratory performance, psychologic profile, and melatonin secretion. J Altern Complement Med. Apr;10(2):261-8.

Harrison, L., Manocha, R., & Rubia, K. (2004). Sahaja Yoga Meditation as a Family Treatment Programme for Children with Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 9(4), 479-497.

Hartman, C. (2014). Exploring the Experiences of Women with Complex Trauma with the Practice of iRest Yoga Nidra. California Institute of Integral Studies. San Francisco, CA.

Hede, A. (2010). The dynamics of mindfulness in managing emotions and stress. Journal of Management Development, 29(1), 94-110.

Hempel S, Taylor SL, Marshall NJ, et al. Evidence Map of Mindfulness [Internet]. Washington (DC): Department of Veterans Affairs (US); 2014 Oct. RESULTS.

Hutcherson, C., et al. (2008). Loving-Kindness Meditation Increases Social Connectedness. Emotion, 8(5), 720-724.

Hofmann, S. G., Sawyer, A. T., Witt, A. A., & Oh, D. (2010). The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78(2), 169-83.

Hofmann, S. G., Andreoli, G., Carpenter, J. K., and Curtiss, J. (2016). Effect of hatha yoga on anxiety: a meta-analysis: yoga for anxiety. J. Evid. Based Med. 9, 116–124.

Huijbers, M.J., Crane, R.S., Kuyken, W. et al. (2017). Teacher Competence in Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) for Depression and Its Relation to Treatment Outcome. Mindfulness 8: 960.

Inwood, E & Ferrari, M (2018). Mechanisms of Change in the Relationship between Self‐Compassion, Emotion Regulation, and Mental Health: A Systematic Review. Health & Wellbeing Volume 10, Issue 2; Pages 215-235.

Ivtzan, I., and Papantoniou, A. (2014). Yoga meets positive psychology: examining the integration of hedonic (gratitude) and eudaimonic (meaning) wellbeing in relation to the extent of yoga practice. J. Bodyw. Mov. Ther. 18, 183–189.

Jain, S., Shapiro, S., Swanick, S., Rowsch, S., Mills, P., Bell, I. & Schwartz. E. (2007). A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness meditation versus relaxation training: Effects on distress, positive states of mind, rumination, and distraction. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 33(1), 11-21.

Janssen, L., et. al. (2018). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy v. Treatment as usual in adults with ADHD: A multicentre, single-blind, randomised controlled trial. Psychological Medicine, Feb 28:1-11

Jarry, J., Chang, F. M., & La Civita, L. (2017). Ashtanga Yoga for Psychological Well-being: Initial Effectiveness Study. Mindfulness; 8:12691279.

Jazaieri, H., et. al (2013). A randomized controlled trial of compassion cultivation training: Effects on mindfulness, affect, and emotion regulation. Motivation and Emotion, 13 June (online).

Jazaieri, H., et. al. (2012). Enhancing compassion: A randomized controlled trial of a compassion cultivation training program. Journal of Happiness Studies, 25 July (online).

Jensen PS, & Kenny DT. (2004). The effects of yoga on the attention and behavior of boys with Attention-Deficit/ hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). J Atten Disord. May;7(4):205-16.

Jha, A. P., Stanley, E. A., Kiyonaga, A., Wong, L., & Gelfand, L. (2010). Examining the protective effects of mindfulness training on working memory capacity and affective experience. Emotion, 10(1), 54-64

Jeter, P. E., Slutsky, J., Singh, N., and Khalsa, S. B. S. (2015). Yoga as a therapeutic intervention: a bibliometric analysis of published research studies from 1967 to 2013. J. Altern. Complement. Med. 21, 586–592.

Kabat-Zinn, J. (1982). An out-patient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: Theoretical considerations and preliminary results. General Hospital Psychiatry, 4, 33–47.

Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: Past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 144–156.

Kabat-Zinn, J. (2011). Some Reflections on the Origins of MBSR, Skillful Means,
and the Trouble with Maps. Contemporary Buddhism, 11(1).

Kabat-Zinn, J., Chapman, A., & Salmon, P. (1997). Relationship of Cognitive and Somatic Components of Anxiety to Patient Preference for Different Relaxation Techniques. Mind/Body Medicine, 2, 101-109

Kabat-Zinn, J., Massion, A.O., Kristeller, J., Peterson, L.G., Fletcher, K., Pbert, L., Linderking, W., & Santorelli, S.F. (1992). Effectiveness of a Meditation-Based Stress Reduction Program in the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149: 936-943.

Kaplan KH, Goldenberg DL, Galvin-Nadeau M. (1993). The impact of a meditation-based stress reduction program on fibromyalgia. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. Sep;15(5):284-9.

Keane A. (2014). The influence of therapist mindfulness practice on psychotherapeutic work: a mixed-methods studyMindfulness5: 689–703.

Kearney, D. J. et. al. (2013). Loving-kindness meditation for posttraumatic stress disorder: a pilot study. J Trauma Stress. 26(4):426-34.

Kelly, B. D. (2008). Meditation, mindfulness, and mental health. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 25(1), 3-4.

Khalsa, S.B. (2004). Yoga as a Therapeutic Intervention: A Bibliometric Analysis of Published Research Studies. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 48(3): 269–85.

Khattab, K., Khattab, A. A., Ortak, J., Richardt, G., and Bonnemeier, H. (2007). Iyengar yoga increases cardiac parasympathetic nervous modulation among healthy yoga practitioners. Evid. Based Complement. Alternat. Med. 4, 511–517.

King, B., Conklin, Q., Zanesco, A. P., & Saron, C. (2018, December 14). Residential Meditation Retreats: Their Role in Contemplative Practice and Significance for Psychological Research. https://doi.org/10.31231/osf.io/xsd92

Klatt, M. D., Buckworth, J., Malarkey, W. B. (2009). Effects of low-dose mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR-ld) on working adults. Health Education & Behavior, 36(3), 601–614.

Kim, B., Lee, S. H., Kim, Y. W., Choi, T. K., Yook, K., Suh, S. Y., et al. (2010). Effectiveness of a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy program as an adjunct to pharmacotherapy in patients with panic disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 24(6):590-5.

King, A. P., et. al. (2013). A Pilot Study of Group Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) for Combat Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Depression and Anxiety30(7), 638–645.

Kingston, J., Chadwick, P., Meron, D. &, Skinner, T. C., (2007). Pilot randomized control trial investigating the effect of mindfulness practice on pain tolerance, psychological well-being, and physiological activity. J Psychosom Res, 62(3):297-300.

Kinser, P. A., Bourguignon, C., Whaley, D., Hauenstein, E., & Taylor, A. G. (2013). Feasibility, acceptability, and effects of gentle hatha yoga for women with major depression: Findings from a randomized controlled mixed-methods study. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 27(3), 137–147.

Kirkwood G, et al. (2005) Yoga for Anxiety: A Systematic Review of the Research. British Journal of Sports Medicine 39(12):884–91.

Kissen M, & Kissen-Kohn DA. (2009). Reducing addictions via the self-soothing effects of yoga. Bull Menninger Clinic; 73:34–43.

Kristeller, J.L., Baer, R.A., Quillian, R.W. (2006). Mindfulness-based approaches to eating disorders. In: Baer RA, ed. Mindfulness and Acceptance-Based Interventions: Conceptualization, Application, and Empirical Support. San Diego, CA: Elsevier; 2006:75-91.

Kristeller J.L. & Hallett B. (1999). An exploratory study of a meditation-based intervention for binge eating disorder. J Health Psychol. 4(3):357-363.

Kristeller, J.L. & Wolever, R.Q. (2011). Mindfulness-based eating awareness training for treating binge eating disorder: the conceptual foundation. Eat Disord. 19(1):49-61.

Kuyken, W., Byford, S., Taylor, R., Watkins, E., Holden, E., White, K., Barrett, B., Byng, R., Evans, A.,Mullan, E., & Teasdale, J. (2008). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to prevent relapse in recurrent depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(6), 966-978.

Kukyen, W. et. al (2015). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) compared with maintenance antidepressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse or recurrence (PREVENT): a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet, Volume 386, Issue 9988, 63 – 73

Lappalainen P., Granlund A., Siltanen S., Ahonen S., Vitikainen M., Tolvanen A., Lappalainen R. (2014). ACT Internet-based vs face-to-face? A randomized controlled trial of two ways to deliver acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for depressive symptoms: An 18-month follow-up. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 61, 43–54.

Lazar, S., et al. (2005). Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness. NeuroReport, 16(17), 1893-1897.

Lee, J., et al. (2008). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Children: Results of a Pilot Study. . Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 22(1), 15-28.

Lipton, L. (2008). Using yoga to treat disease: an evidence-based review. Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants, 21(2), 34-6, 38, 41.

Loughton, J. & Morden, T. (2015). Mindful Nation UK: Report by the Mindfulness All-Party Parliamentary Group (MAPPG). The Mindfulness Initiative, October 2015.

Luders, E. (2012). The unique brain anatomy of meditation practitioners: alterations in cortical gyrification. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6(34), 1-9.

Lutz, A., et al. (2008). Regulation of the Neural Circuitry of Emotion by Compassion Meditation: Effects of Meditative Expertise. PLoS One, 3(3), 1-10.

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Research on potential adverse reactions can be found here: http://meditatinginsafety.org.uk/category/research-evidence/